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Curtiss C Canada

Страна: США

Год: 1915

Curtiss - N / O - 1914 - США<– –>Curtiss - H.7 / H.10 Super America - 1915 - США

P.Bowers Curtiss Aircraft 1907-1947 (Putnam)

Model C-1 Canada

  The Canada of 1915 was the first twin-engined Curtiss landplane designed as such. It was an adaptation, however, as the wings and 160 hp Curtiss V-X powerplant installation were similar to those of contemporary Curtiss flying-boats. The name resulted from the fact that design and construction of this large aeroplane were entrusted to the new Curtiss plant in Toronto. The official designation was C-1.
  Design work began in May 1915, and the prototype was completed in July. The early flights were made with Curtiss OX engines because the desired V-X models were not then available. Unconventional features or the three-seat Canada were the short fuselage, with the tail surfaces carried on booms, and the tandem-wheel-pair arrangement of each undercarriage unit.
  The Canada showed great promise, and 102 were ordered by the RNAS. However, all but one were cancelled. The prototype was delivered to the United Kingdom in November and received RNAS serial 3700. Eleven others were built but their disposition is unknown. The prototype was based at Farnborough, where it was modified and used for test work. The wing overhang was now braced with struts instead of the original wires and the C-1 was the first aeroplane to fly with the new streamlined interplane wires (actually tie-rods), developed by the Royal Aircraft Factory, that came to be known as RAF Wires.

  Span 75 ft 10 in (23,11 m)(upper), 48 ft (14,63 m)(lower); length 33 ft 4 3/4 in (10,17 m); height 15 ft 6 in (4,72 m).
  Empty weight 4,700 lb (2,132 kg); gross weight 6,300 lb (2,858 kg).
  Maximum speed 90 mph (144,83 km/h); range 600 miles (965 km).

O.Thetford British Naval Aircraft since 1912 (Putnam)


  One hundred of these bombers were ordered for the RNAS in 1915 (Nos.9500 to 9599), but the contract was subsequently cancelled. One example (No.3700) was eventually delivered to Hendon in November 1916. Designed by Curtiss and built in Canada, the Twin Canada had two 160 hp Curtiss XV engines.

Форум Breguet's Aircraft Challenge

The Curtiss Model C-1 Canada of 1915. Design and construction of this large aeroplane was done in the new Curtiss plant in Toronto. [source : Peter M. Bowers. Curtiss aircraft 1907-1947]
  Machine was ordered by the RNAS in the unbelievable quantity of 100 pieces [9501-9600] and one prototype [3700]. The prototype was delivered (as the Curtiss Canada Model C Tractor Biplane) in june 1916.
  On the picture of Dave we see the machine in England (Farnborough) as the machine was modified there with bracing struts for the overhanging top wing.
  The machine was not succesfull in the UK and the 100 machines ordered were cancelled.
  There is mention that in Canada 11 machines were built (series production ), but according to Bowers nothing is known about them.
  Though ordered by the RNAS, the machine(s) was/were delivered to the RFC. The prototype Model C was followed by the 10 production machines, which carried manufacture's designations C2, C4 - C 12. These received serial numbers A5215 - A5224, probably only for administrative reasons and it is doubtful that they were ever fully reassembled in England.

  "The Canada was significant for several reasons, including the installation of a Sperry designed auto-stabilizer and bombsight. It was also the first twin-engine aircraft to be built in Canada, the first aircraft of Canadian design to go into production, the first Canadian design intended for military service and the first bomber of Canadian design."

O.Thetford - British Naval Aircraft since 1912 /Putnam/
P.Bowers - Curtiss Aircraft 1907-1947 /Putnam/
The Curtiss C-1 Canada was built in Canada and America flying-boat wings were adapted for the landplane bomber. Struts bracing the upper wing overhang were added in Britain.
Форум - Breguet's Aircraft Challenge /WWW/