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Ponnier M.1

Страна: Франция

Год: 1915

Fighter

Ponnier - L.1 Type Cavalerie - 1914 - Франция<– –>Pons - canard biplane - 1912 - Франция


W.Green, G.Swanborough The Complete Book of Fighters


PONNIER M.1 France

   In 1915, Avions Ponnier produced the M.l single-seat fighter, allegedly to the designs of Emile Eugene Dupont, who was subsequently to be responsible for the Hanriot HD-1. An unequal span single-bay nominally staggered biplane of wooden construction with fabric skinning and powered by an 80 hp Le Rhone 9C rotary engine, the M.1 had a single 7,7-mm Lewis gun on an overwing mounting. Featuring an inordinately large propeller spinner and extremely small tail surfaces, an early example of the M.1 (possibly the prototype) crashed on 29 January 1916 while being evaluated at Avord by Charles Nungesser. Nonetheless, production was undertaken by La Societe Anonyme Francaise de Constructions Aeronautiques, which, early in 1916, succeeded Avions Ponnier, but was still controlled by Louis Alfred Ponnier. Most M.1s were procured by the Aviation Militaire Beige, which apparently received at least 18, and one or two went to French units. Some Belgian M.1s were flown without the spinner and they were later fitted with fixed fins of low aspect ratio, and enlarged tailplanes and elevators. According to the Belgian ace Willy Coppens, the M.1 was found to be unusable and soon disappeared. It never equipped a French unit and was declared obsolete in November 1916. A similar, but slightly larger, Ponnier two-seater was designed as the M.2 and offered to the RFC in January 1916. There is no evidence that it was built, however.

Max speed, 104 mph (167 km/h) at sea level.
Time to 3,280 ft (1000 m), 4.67 min.
Empty weight, 671 lb (304 kg).
Loaded weight, 1,023 lb (464 kg).
Span, 20 ft 3 1/3 in (6,18 m).
Length, 18 ft 10 1/5 in (5,75 m).
Height, 7 ft 6 1/2 in (2,30 m).
Wing area, 145.3 sqft (13,50 m2).

W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Ponnier PO 18, pilot and unit unknown
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
The Ponnier M.1 is illustrated here in its initial production form without fixed tail fin.
Форум - Breguet's Aircraft Challenge /WWW/
Having an urgent need for new fighter aircraft the Belgian authorities ordered thirty Ponnier M.1's, although this machine was rejected by the French Armee de l'Air for being too dangerous to fly. Most Belgian pilots also refused to fly the Ponnier (of which only ten were delivered) and it was quickly withdrawn from use.
Форум - Breguet's Aircraft Challenge /WWW/
Famous instructor pilot Honore Duplus is posing in front of a Ponnier M.1
Форум - Breguet's Aircraft Challenge /WWW/
S/Lt. Pierre "Bambino" Braun in front of a Ponnier M.1
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Air Mechanic Van Damme standing in front of a Ponnier, still operational in 1917, at La Panne.
Форум - Breguet's Aircraft Challenge /WWW/
There is a picture of Navarre in a Ponnier
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Ponnier Po 18 being flown at the front.
The definitive M.1 with fixed fin and enlarged tailplane and elevators.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
The ill-fated Ponnier Scout. Some of these aircraft actually reached the front, including this aircraft, called le Vampire. It was flown by Sous-Lieutenant Abel De Neef.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Adjt Abel De Neef, Iere Esc, was slightly injured in a crash flying this Ponnier.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
A Ponnier at Beaumarais, Calais.The man holding the bicycle is mechanic Thys, who became famous as a three-time Tour de France winner.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Adjudant Pierre Braun was photographed on 3 September 1916 in his Ponnier Scout.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Although officially not on strength of the Av.M., the Ponnier was used at the front and used by both Iere & 5me Escadrille de Chasse. This Ponnier is photographed at La Panne (aka Coxyde) airfield.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
Abel de Neef poses in front of a Ponnier fighter with decorated spinner.
W.Pieters - The Belgian Air Service in the First World War /Aeronaut/
An unknown pilot landed somewhat heavy in the countryside, close to Lampernisse, on 15 September 1916.
W.Green, G.Swanborough - The Complete Book of Fighters
The definitive M.1 with fixed fin and enlarged tailplane and elevators.