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Страна Конструктор Название Год Фото Текст

FBA Type A/B/C

Страна: Франция

Год: 1913

Faure - monoplane - Франция<– –>FBA - FBA 1 Ca2 Avion-Canon / Type D - 1916 - Франция

А.Шепс Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты

FBA типов A, B, C 1914 г.

  Это был двухместный разведчик, трехстоечная, с подкосами, однореданная летающая лодка цельнодеревянной конструкции с двигателями "Гном" (50 л. с.; типы A, B) или "Клерже" (130 л. с.; тип C). Верхнее двухлонжеронное крыло имело большой размах и оборудовалось элеронами. Лодка имела вогнутый редан. Оперение обычного типа было поднято на загибе хвостовой части лодки и крепилось системой растяжек и распорок. Руль поворота без киля, у разных типов имел разную форму. Подкрыльевые поплавки первоначально металлические цилиндрические, на более поздних моделях - понтонного типа, деревянные. Вооружение отсутствовало.
  Спроектированный как разведчик, самолет впоследствии использовался как учебная летающая лодка. Выпущено несколько сотен лодок FBA в различных вариантах.
  Россия купила 30 машин типа C с двигателем "ГномМоносупап" (100 л. с.), еще 34 построили на заводе Лебедева. С 1915 года заменялась М-5 Д. П. Григоровича.

  Показатель FВА тип С, 1915г.
  Размеры, м:
   длина 8,0
   размах крыльев 13,68
  Площадь крыла, м2 33,5
  Вес, кг:
   максимальный взлетный 840
   пустого 535
  Двигатель: "Гном-Моносупап"
   мощность, л. с. 100
  Скорость, км/ч 105
  Дальность полета, км 400
  Потолок практический, м 2500
  Экипаж, чел. 2-3
  Вооружение нет

В.Шавров История конструкций самолетов в СССР до 1938 г.

Летающая лодка ФБА (FBA, ЛМ-2). Это двухместный разведчик без вооружения, потом учебная лодка выпуска 1914 г. Было куплено 30 экземпляров и построено на заводе Лебедева еще 34 экземпляра. Состояла на вооружении военно-морской авиации в 1914-1916 гг. По схеме, размерам и конструкции лодка соответствовала М-5, но ее обводы были несколько хуже, чем у М-5.

Год выпуска||1913
Двигатель, марка||<Гном-Моносупап>
   Мощность, л.с.||100
Длина самолета, м||8
Размах крыла, м||13,68
Площадь крыла, м2||33,5
Масса пустого, кг||535
Масса топлива+ масла, кг||120+30
Масса полной нагрузки, кг||305
Полетная масса, кг||840
Удельная нагрузка на крыло, кг/м2||25
Удельная нагрузка на мощность, кг/лс||8,4
Весовая отдача,%||36
Скорость максимальная у земли, км/ч||105
Скорость посадочная, км/ч||70
Время набора высоты||
   1000м, мин||15
   2000м, мин||40
Потолок практический, м||2500
Продолжительность полета, ч.||4

O.Thetford British Naval Aircraft since 1912 (Putnam)


  Some 128 of these small two-seat flying-boats served with the RNAS for training purposes in the 1914-18 war. Forty-four were provided by the original French manufacturers and 80 were built in Britain by the Norman Thompson and Gosport Aviation concerns. Another four (N 1075 to 1078) were handed over by Italy and used by the RNAS at Otranto. The Norman Thompson aircraft were serialled N1040-1059 and the Gosport-built boats N2680-2739. One 100 hp Gnome engine. Maximum speed, 60 mph. Span, 45 ft. Length, 30ft.

L.Opdyke French Aeroplanes Before the Great War (Schiffer)

Deleted by request of (c)Schiffer Publishing

E.Hauke, W.Schroeder, B.Totschinger Die Flugzeuge der k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppe und Seeflieger 1914-1918

Beuteflugzeuge bei den k.u.k. Seefliegern
F.B.A. Type B Nr. 94 (französisch) 12.Sqd Gn 100

Журнал Flight

Flight, December 13, 1913.



  The newly-formed Franco British Aviation Co., Ltd., are showing two hydro-aeroplanes, both of which are of the Donnet-Leveque type. One of the machines, which is shown complete, is driven by a 9-cyl. 100 h.p. Gnome motor. The other, of which only the boat and the inner part of the cellule is shown, has a Salmson motor of 130 h.p.; this is the actual machine which won the 250-mile race at Deauville. A Curtiss flying boat is expected in a few days, but had not arrived at the time of writing these notes.

Flight, December 27, 1913.


  are exhibiting the only two flying boats to be seen at the Show. One of them, of which only the boat and the centre portion of the wings is shown, is the actual machine which won the long-distance prize at Deauville. It is fitted with a 130 h.p. Salmson engine. The other is a new type fitted with a 9-cyl. 100 h.p. Gnome. A comparison of the two machines soon shows that the new machine is a great improvement on the older one, which undoubtedly was very good in its time, but so swift is the progress in aviation that the type of yesterday is antiquated to-day. The boat is the most interesting part of the 100 h.p. machine, and constructionally it is built up of a framework of ash, which is covered with a skin of three-ply wood. The front portion of the boat is of rectangular section, and has a step which occurs roughly under the centre of pressure of the main planes. The upper longerons converge towards the rear, where the upturned stern of the boat becomes triangular in section, with the apex of the triangle turned upwards. The boat is divided by bulkheads into eight watertight compartments, each fitted with a small inspection door, which allows of examination of the interior. In front the deck is extended on each side of the pointed bow of the boat to form a splashboard, while further protection is afforded the pilot and passengers by a screen in front of the cockpit. The pilot's and passengers' seats are situated just in front of the leading edge of the lower main planes, the passengers' seats being formed by the petrol pressure tank. The pilot controls the machine by means of a single column on which is mounted a hand-wheel. This, however, does not rotate, but simply forms a convenient handle. A to-and-fro movement of the lever actuates the elevator, and a side-to-side movement operates the ailerons. The rudder is controlled by means of a pivoted foot-bar.
  The engine is mounted on strong steel bearers just below the upper plane and drives directly the propeller, which is situated just behind the rear spar. The trailing edge of the upper plane has been cut away in the centre to provide sufficient clearance for the propeller. A petrol service tank is mounted in front of the engine just below the upper plane, and petrol is forced from the main tank to this service tank by means of a presiure-pump. The weight of the extensions of the upper main plane when the machine is at rest is taken by two tubes running from the lower extremities of the outer plane struts. Two small floats carried on a light structure of steel tubes prevents the wing tips from diving under the water should the machine heel over.
  The tail planes are supported on a framework of steel tubes from the upturned rear portion of the boat. To the trailing edge of the fixed tail plane, which is of semicircular shape, is hinged the elevator which is undivided, as the rudder is situated wholly on top of the tail plane. A small flat tail skid or plate protects the rear portion of the boat against contact with the ground.
  The machine shown was not actually fitted with landing wheels, but there was on the stand an exhibit of the F.B.A. system of disappearing wheels, the fitting of which would render the machine amphibious. By the F.B.A. system the pilot can raise or lower the wheels at will during flight so that starting and alighting may be effected from either land or water.
  It will be interesting to watch the progress of the F.B.A. Co., Ltd., for the flying boat exhibited appears to be capable of good performances and the firm possesses a very able and experienced manager and pilot in Lieut. Jean Conneau, who is better known to our readers under the name of Andre Beaumont, and who won the circuit of Great Britain in 1911.

А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
Летающая лодка FBA французской морской авиации
А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
Летающая лодка FBA, построенная в России заводом Лебедева (1915г.)
А.Шепс - Самолеты Первой мировой войны. Страны Антанты
Летающая лодка FBA, построенная автро-венгерской фирмой "Якоб Лохнер и Ко" (1913г.)
L.Opdyke - French Aeroplanes Before the Great War /Schiffer/
FBA 26.
Журнал - Flight за 1913 г.
AT THE PARIS SALON. - The F.B.A. flying boat.
Журнал - Flight за 1913 г.
The 100 h.p. Gnome-engined flying boat of the Franco-British Aviation Co.
Журнал - Flight за 1913 г.
The F.B.A. flying boat - type Deauville - fitted with 130 h.p. Salmson engine.
Журнал - Flight за 1913 г.
Tail of the F.B.A. flying boat.
Журнал - Flight за 1914 г.
The Franco-British seaplane, piloted by Burri, the only other machine besides the winning Sopwlth seaplane to finish the course for the Schneider Cup at Monaco.
L.Opdyke - French Aeroplanes Before the Great War /Schiffer/
FBA 27 - note differences in hull shape.
Журнал - Flight за 1914 г.
A remarkable photograph secured by Mons. E. Marchessaux at Monaco on April 20th, during the final contest for the Schneider Aviation Cup. - This negative absolutely untouched, and shows Mr. Howard Pixton's Sopwith machine passing the Franco-British seaplane piloted by M. Burri. The above is one of the autograph photographs of the amateur photographer which he presented to the two pilots who finished for this cup.
Форум - Breguet's Aircraft Challenge /WWW/
F.B.A. Type A 1914 Schneider Throphy Contest (100 hp Gnome). In 1914 Schneider Throphy Race Burri was second with a respectable speed of 62.0 mph. The winner was C. Howard Pixton in Sopwith Tabloid floatplane (86.5 mph).
P.Jarrett - Pioneer Aircraft: Early Aviation Before 1914 /Putnam/
Lieutenant de Vaisseau Conneau, who flew under the pseudonym 'Beaumont', is seen here at Magnus Volk's Waterplane Station at Brighton with the Franco-British Aviation (FBA) Leveque flying boat which he had flown across the Channel to Newhaven, England, on 16 August 1913. He is holding the crank-handle of the aeroplane's 80hp Gnome rotary engine.
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1919 /Jane's/
A F.B.A. Flying-boat (100 h.p. Gnome engine), built by the Gosport Aircraft Co., Ltd.
Jane's All The World Aircraft 1919 /Jane's/
An F.B.A. flying boat on the water. Actually in the service of Italy.
O.Thetford - British Naval Aircraft since 1912 /Putnam/
C.Owers - The Fighting America Flying Boats of WWI Vol.1 /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
FBA flying boat 3646 was built in France and delivered to White City in January 1916. The FBA was an example of the pre-war type of flying boat The type was continually developed during the war years and saw service with the French, British, Italian and US Navies..
C.Owers - The Fighting America Flying Boats of WWI Vol.1 /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
The FBA flying boat was modified by Norman Thompson and given the designation N.T.5. The 100-hp Gnome Monosoupape powered N1059 was the last boat of a batch for 20 Type B boats ordered under Contract C.P.120948/16. Note the H-12 in the background.
K.Delve - World War One in the Air /Crowood/
The German submarines were a major problem for Allied shipping around the UK and the RNAS's flying boats, such as this FBA, flew thousands of hours on antisubmarine patrols. The FBA (Franco-British Aviation) was a small two-seat aircraft of which some 128 were used by the RNAS.
L.Opdyke - French Aeroplanes Before the Great War /Schiffer/
FBA flyingboats under construction at the FBA works, January 1914.
C.Owers - The Fighting America Flying Boats of WWI Vol.1 /Centennial Perspective/ (1)
Hull Comparison of RNAS Flying Boats
В.Шавров - История конструкций самолетов в СССР до 1938 г.
Схема летающей лодки ФБА